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It is one of the chronic conditions in the body which comes even without showing symptoms. If the blood pressure readings are constantly 140 over 90 or above, it is considered as high blood pressure. Even if either of the readings is higher, it is considered high blood pressure. One of the major factors for high blood pressure is stress. High blood pressure levels increases the risk for having further health issues like kidney failure, heart attack and even dementia.

What Are the Causes of High Blood Pressure?

  1. You consume too much salt.
  2. You don’t eat enough of fruits and vegetables.
  3. You lack physical activity.
  4. You are obese.
  5. You drink too much alcohol or smoke.
  6. Old age.


Signs of High Blood Pressure

A blood pressure reading includes two numbers – one written on top of the other. The top number is called systolic blood pressure, which represents the force of blood through your blood vessels during your heartbeat. The bottom number is called diastolic blood pressure. This number represents the force of blood through your blood vessels in between heartbeats, while your heart is resting. If either of your blood pressure readings is consistently above normal, visit a doctor before damage to your organs occurs.


Symptoms of High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is often labeled “the silent killer”, as people who have it usually don’t know about it until they get their blood pressure checked. Sometimes people with elevated blood pressure may show symptoms of a headache, dizziness, blurred vision, vomiting and chest pain. Around 1% of those suffering from high blood pressure do not seek medical care until high blood pressure is severe, a condition known as malignant hypertension, which is rare. A person with malignant hypertension has blood pressure above 180/120 and he/she should treat this as a medical emergency.


Who is More Likely to Develop Hypertension?

A person develops high blood pressure mainly due to undesirable lifestyle, unhealthy eating habits as well as mental and physical factors such as stress, excessive drinking and smoking, obesity and lack of sleep. Others who are susceptible to high blood pressure include pregnant women, women who take birth control pills, African-Americans and people who indulge in fatty foods. This apart, your family’s history of high blood pressure can increase your risk of developing prehypertension too. Some people have high sensitivity to salt, which too can up blood pressure. Before 55 years, men are more likely than women to develop high BP. Whereas, after 55 years, women have more chances of developing high blood pressure compared.

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