Immunity refers to being protected against the diseases with the help of a good immune system, which is a network of various cells, tissues and the organs of the body which work together in order to protect from the attacks done by foreign invaders like viruses, bacterias and pathogens. We at WellnessCare help you learn about boosting your immune system and understanding the total health. Immunity can be further divided into 2 major types:
- Innate Immunity i.e. nonspecific defence mechanism of the body which becomes active immediately or within seconds of the antigen’s entrance into the body. These are in the form of physical barriers like chemicals in the blood, skin and cells of the immune system.
- Adaptive immunity, which refers to the antigen – specific immunity response generated by the body to fight a particular type of infection in the body. The adaptive immune system can be further divided into 2 parts i.e. Passive immunity, which occurs when the antibodies have been passed from one human to another and Active Immunity, which involves T white blood cells and B white blood cells.
Effects of Aging on Immune System
As you grow older, your immune system slows down its response. This increases the risk of you falling sick and your body will take some time to heal as there are not many cells to bring about healing. However, there are ways to decrease the risks of immune system aging. For example, take Vitamin E supplements. They help fight radical attacks, thus preventing damage to the cells.
Ways to Boost Your Immune System
Illness can happen in the blink of an eye. One day you feel good and the next day you are down with the flu. If you’re looking for ways to prevent common illnesses such as cold and flu, include these in your meals to boost your immune system:
- Citrus Fruits
- Vitamin C found in high concentration in oranges, lemon, limes, and grapefruit, boosts the activity of phagocytes (cells that engulf and digest bacteria) in the blood. These are key to fighting flu and infections. But because your body doesn’t produce or store it, you need daily vitamin C for continued health.
- Garlic, Ginger, and Mushroom
- Believe it or not, garlic can do wonders to your health. It not only boosts your immune system but also helps prevent heart diseases. Blend together pesto with raw garlic and throw it over a pasta or bread. Or whip up a spicy, homemade immunity shot with raw garlic, ginger, carrots, and lemon for a quick system boost. Similarly, ginger helps decrease inflammatory diseases, nausea, chronic pain, and cholesterol. Lastly, medical experts in China believe that mushrooms increase immunity and promote conversion of cancer cells to normal cells.
- Vitamin E is key to the healthy immune system, as it is a fat-soluble vitamin. This means it requires the presence of fat to be absorbed properly. Nuts like almonds are full of vitamins and also have healthy fats. Make a half-cup serving of almonds part of your daily diet – but keep the skins on – to fight off cold.
- Sipping tea in the morning or before bedtime is relaxing, thanks to its nutritional benefits. Peppermint tea can help with indigestion, bloating and IBS, however, studies suggest that black and green teas are rich in antioxidants and may have cancer-fighting properties.
- For a healthy body, it is must to have a healthy lifestyle such as exercise, good sleep, and meditation. Your immune system responds to workouts by producing more of the blood cells that attack bacterial invaders. And the more regularly you workout, the more long-lasting the changes become. But that doesn’t mean you have to turn into a fitness fanatic. Merely going for a walk or doing yoga a few times in a week will help your immune system stay in shape.
- Drink Lemon, Ginger, Honey, and Turmeric with Warm Water
- This magical elixir boosts your immune system. Honey, an antioxidant, acts as a natural immunity booster, while ginger, another powerful antioxidant with antiviral properties, can be used to treat nausea and motion sickness. Lemon juice is high in Vitamin C, hence it helps to prevent cold.
- Yogurt for Breakfast
- Probiotics, or the “live active cultures” found in yogurt, are healthy bacteria that keep the gut free of disease-causing germs. Yogurt can also be a great source of Vitamin D, which helps regulate the immune system and also boosts our body’s natural defenses against diseases.
- Not only are eggs a rich source of protein and iron, but they also contain Vitamin A which is important for the immune system. Vitamin A has important antioxidant properties that help fight bacteria and viruses.
- Watching television till late in the night isn’t recommended, but a few episodes of your favorite comedy show are beneficial. Laughter can give your immunity an easy boost. Laughing lowers stress levels and can promote sleep, both crucial for a healthy body.